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adj. arduous, hard
Discussion of 艰苦/艱苦
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How is 艰苦 (jiānkǔ) commonly used in Chinese?
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艰苦 (jiānkǔ) is commonly used to describe a situation or task that requires a lot of effort and hard work. It is often used to describe a difficult journey or a challenging task. For example, one might say “他们的旅程很艰苦 (tāmen de lǚchéng hěn jiānkǔ)” to describe a difficult journey. It can also be used to describe a person's hard work and dedication, such as “他付出了艰苦的努力 (tā fùchūle jiānkǔ de nǔlì)” to describe someone who has worked hard.
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