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bì miǎn
v. to avoid, to refrain from, to avert
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避免 vs 预防

避免:to avoid
预防:to prepare beforehand and prevent something from happening in the future.

So in a nutshell, 预防 emphasizes on "taking precaution beforehand so that an event or situation will not occur in the future." 预防 takes more steps and is more complicated than 避免.
避免 is simply avoid.

For instance, it's better to use 避免 in this sentence below, because the action that follows is simple and doesn't require complicated preparation:
E.g. 避免提到那件事 to avoid mentioning about that matter

In comparison, in this example below, we use 预防 because it takes more steps for prevention:
预防传染病 to prevent infectious diseases
lisaC
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