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qíng kuàng
n. situation, condition, state of affairs, circumstances
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局面 is more abstract and general. It is used in describing a society, political situation, historical periods, economy, etc.
情况 is less general and more specific. It can be used to describe situations of a smaller scale, sucha as personal situation, personal health, status of a single incident, etc.
lisaC
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形势 vs 情况
1. 形势 can refer to topographical features. 情况 does not have this specific meaning.
2. 情况 refers to a state and is widely used in daily language, formal or informal. 形势 is a very formal word that appears a lot in news or other written materials, referring to things that are highly abstract, e.g. economy, market, international relationships, etc.
lisaC
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