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jìn dài
n. modern times
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Is 近代 usually used in formal or informal contexts? (jìn dài)
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"当代" versus "近代":

"当代" (dāngdài) specifically refers to the current times or the present era, while "近代" (jìndài) generally encompasses a broader span of history, typically referring to the modern or recent historical period, often ending before the contemporary era.

"当代" refers to the contemporary era or the current times. It pertains to the period of time in which one is currently living, representing the present age or the modern-day. Example: "当代科技发展迅速。" (Dāngdài kējì fāzhǎn xùnsù.) - "Contemporary technology is developing rapidly."

"近代" refers to the modern or recent historical period, particularly the era from the late Ming and Qing dynasties in China (approximately 17th to early 20th centuries), or it can refer to a similar recent historical period in other contexts. Example: "近代中国经历了很多变革。" (Jìndài Zhōngguó jīnglìle hěnduō biàngé.) - "Modern China has experienced many changes in recent history."
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