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n. dog
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犬 vs 狗:

1. 犬 is more formal. It appears in names of dog breeds:
E.g. 英国斗牛犬 [n] Bulldog Breed Standard, 金毛犬 [n] golden retriever
犬 is used to form nouns and idioms:
E.g. 爱犬 [n] pet dog, lovely dog, 丧家之犬 [idiom] homeless dog

2. 狗 is used independently as a noun and it's frequently used in daily language:
E.g. 一只狗 [nphr] a dog, 小狗 [n] puppy
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