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prep. to, at, towards, with regard to, concerning to; versus, in comparison with
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Some people are confused about the difference between 对 and 向:
1. 对 can be used to denote "way of treating". E.g. 对身体好 (be good to one's health), 对你好 (be good to you). 向 cannot be used in this way.
2. Both 对 and 向 can be used before a noun to denote the indirect object of a verb with the meaning of expression, e.g. 对他说/向他说 (say to him).
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Regarding the difference between 对于 and 对, please note that:
1. 对于 can be replaced by 对:
Example 1. 对于他来说,他已经达到了目的。 [phr] For him, he has already achieved the purpose.
---> We can also say: 对他来说,他已经达到了目的。
2. 对 has two usages which 对于 does not have.
- When 对 indicates the how one person treats another person, 对于 cannot replace 对: Example. 她对小孩不够耐心。 [ta1 dui4 xiao3 hai2 bu2 gou4 nai4 xin1] , (phr) She is not patient enough with children.
- When 对 indicates the target of an action, 对于 cannot replace 对: Example. 我对你有好感 [phr] I have a favourable impression of you
In this post, we compare these three prepositions: 给, 对 and 向.

给 (prep) is used to introduce the party receiving or issuing an action. The many different ways in which 给 (prep) is used are summarized here:
1. Used to introduce the party that receives something. The phrase lead by 给 “给+noun/pronoun” can be placed either before or after the action. Please note that #1 is the only usage where the phrase lead by 给 can be placed flexibly in this way: E.g. 给朋友打个电话/打个电话给朋友; 给你写封信/写封信给你
2. Used to introduce the party that benefits or suffers from an action. E.g.
老师给我解释清楚了。The teacher explained it clearly to me.
别把屋子给我搞得乱七八糟。Don’t mess up the room (coz I suffer from the consequence).
3. Used to introduce the party that’s at the receiving end of an action, e.g. talk, speak, apologize, greet, etc.In #3, 给 can be replaced by 向 or 对. E.g.
给/对/向国旗行礼 salute the national flag
给/对/向同学道歉 apologize to the classmate
给/对/向大家说说你的看法 tell everyone your thoughts
4. Used to introduce the party that is the doer of the action. E.g.
瓶子给妹妹打碎了。The bottle was broken by (my) younger sister.

For differences between 对 (prep) and 向 (prep), please visit the discussion page of either these two prepositions.
What is the grammatical function of 对 in a sentence? (duì)
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Are there any common phrases that use 对? (duì)
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