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m. times (of repeating something)
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In Chinese, there are two categories of measure words: those indicating units of persons or things, and those indicating the frequency of an action.
Here in this entry, 次 falls into the second category: it is a verbal measure word, often used with a numeral as a complement of a verb, indicating the frequency of that action. E.g. 去了一次 (went...once), 一次 is a numeral-measure-word phrase indicating the frequency of 去.
It is also possible for 次 to be used as a nominal measure word (the first category), indicating train/flight numbers. For more information, please check out the other entry of 次 in trainchinese.

If you would like to learn more about other similar verbal measure words, please check out these entries in our dictionary: 趟(tang4),下/下儿 (xia4/xiar4) and 遍 (bian4).
lisaC
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Verbal measure words are measure words that indicate the frequency of an action.
1. 次 is the most often used measure word that generally indicates the frequency of an action; 次, as a verbal measure word, can also appear before a noun/nominal phrase which has to be something that can repeatedly happen.
Examples:
这种药每日吃一次。[phr] You should take the medicine once a day.
这次考试很简单。 r/s [phr] The exam was very simple.

2. 下儿 has two different indications. The first one is the number of times that the action happens; the second one indicates an action lasting for a very short time or an action done in a casual way.
Examples:
我用棍子杵了他一下儿。 -/- [phr] I give him a prod with a stick.
我去一下儿。 -/- [phr] I will go there for a moment; I will be away for a moment.

3. 遍 indicates the complete duration of an action from beginning to end. The object of the action usually involves a certain length, usually involving text or language, e.g. article, film, music, words said, etc.
Example:
请重复一遍您的地址。 r/s [phr] Please repeat your address.

4. 趟 indicates an action that involves going back and forth. 趟 can also be used on trains or buses.
Examples:
我去了趟体育场。 r/s [phr] I went to the stadium.
这趟车几点发车? r/s [phr] What time does the train leave?
lisaC
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