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xià huá
v. slide down; go down, decrease
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The Chinese terms 下降 (xiàjiàng), 降低 (jiàngdī), 下跌 (xiàdiē), and 下滑 (xiàhuá) all relate to the concept of "decrease" or "decline," but they are used in slightly different contexts and have nuanced differences:

1. 下降 (xiàjiàng) generally refers to a decline or decrease in a broad sense. It's often used to describe statistics, figures, or values decreasing. For example, you might use 下降 when talking about the stock market going down or a temperature dropping. Note that 下降 (xiàjiàng) is an intransitive verb, which means we can say 气温下降 (The temperature decreases.), but we cannot attach an object after 下降 (xiàjiàng).

2. 降低 (jiàngdī) specifically refers to the act of reducing or lowering something, such as a price, a level, or an amount. You'd use 降低 when discussing reducing prices, lowering costs, or decreasing the intensity of something, like noise or pollution. Note that 降低 (jiàngdī) is both transitive and intransitive. This means we can say 降低价格 (to lower the price), and we can also say 价格降低了 (the price has gone down)

3. 下跌 (xiàdiē), similar to 下降, it refers to a decline, but it is often used in the context of a sudden or sharp drop in values or numbers, especially in financial or stock market contexts. You might use 下跌 when describing a sharp fall in stock prices or a sudden drop in sales. And like 下降, 下跌 (xiàdiē) is an intransitive verb.

4. 下滑 (xiàhuá) indicates a sliding or slipping down, both in a literal and metaphorical sense. It suggests a gradual, often undesired decline. 下滑 can be used in various contexts, such as a country's economy slipping into a recession or a company's market share gradually declining. 下滑 (xiàhuá) is an intransitive verb. We can say 经济下滑 (the economy goes into a recession), but we cannot attach an object after 下滑 (xiàhuá).
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