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prep. to (after a verb indicating handing over of sth.); by, with (in passive sentences)
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These prepositions, 被, 叫, 让 and 给 can all indicate the passive voice. How are they different?
被 and 给 may be placed directly before the verb predicate without mentioning the doer of the action (E.g. 1 and 2). Other prepositions, 叫 and 让 do not have this unique usage. 叫 and 让 must have objects (E.g. 3 and 4).
E.g. 1 他被(我们公司)录用了。 [phr] He is hired by our company.
E.g. 2 他给叫走了。 [phr] He was called away.
E.g. 3 我的钱包让小偷偷走了。 [phr] My wallet was stolen by a thief.
E.g. 4 路上,他的衣服叫雨给淋湿了。 [phr] On the way, his clothes became wet from the rain.
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