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ér qiě
conj. but also; and (connecting two clauses)
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而且 and 而 are not totally interchangeable:

1. When they are used to connect two or more adjectives/ adjective phrases: we can replace 而 with 而且. But there is one exception: if adverbs such as 很, 十分,etc. are used before the adjectives, we can only use 而且, not 而. For example:
Example 1.
1a- 年轻而漂亮 or 年轻而且漂亮: young and beautiful
1b- 十分年轻而且漂亮: very young and beautiful
Both 而 and 而且 are correct in Example 1a. However, in Example 1b, only 而且 can be used.

2. 而且 can be used to connect two verbs, but 而 does not have this function.
Example 2. 我希望而且相信自己能够做好这份工作。 [phr] I hope and believe that I am able to do this job well.

3. 而且 can indicate "additionally, in addition, (not only) but also". For example:
Example 3. 这个年轻人不但聪明,而且工作很努力。 [phr] This young man is not only clever, but also hard working.
There is a subtle difference between 并且 and 而且:

1. A, 并且B: 并且 indicates coordination. It joins or coordinates A and B (words, main clauses or sentences). A and B are of equal syntactic importance.
E.g. 他去了美国,并且读了大学。 [phr] He went to the United States, and he studied in a university.

2. A, 而且B: 而且 indicates progression between A and B, and it emphasizing B a bit more.
E.g. 她会说汉语,而且说得很好。 [phr] She can speak Chinese, and moreover her Chinese is quite good.
而且 vs 况且:

1. 而且 indicates progression and it connects adjectives, verbs, adverbs or clauses. 而且 often pairs up with 不但,不只,不光:
- 这件衣服不但漂亮,而且很便宜。 [phr] This outfit is not only beautiful but also cheap.
- 妹妹不但喜欢唱歌,而且爱跳舞。 [phr] Not only does (my) younger sister like singing, she is also fond of dancing.
- 不但我会说汉语,而且我的妻子也会说汉语。 [phr] No only I can speak Chinese, my wife can also speak Chinese.

2. 况且 indicates progression with a rhetoric tone and is used to introduce another reason. 况且 can be used with 又, 也 and 还:
- 今天别去打球了,外面天气不是很好,况且我们作业还没做完呢。 [phr] Don't go to play a ball game today. The weather isn't good outside, moreover we haven't finished our homework.
What is the difference between 而且and 并且?
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