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prep./adv. against, towards, to; until now, all along
Discussion of 向
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Some people are confused about the difference between 向 and 对:
1. One of the meanings of 向 is "in the direction of, towards". When it is used to denote directions, the prepositional phrase led by 向 can either appear before a verb as an adverbial (向前看) or after a verb as it's complement (走向他的房间). 对 cannot be used to denote directions.
2. Both 对 and 向 can be used before a noun to denote the indirect object of a verb with the meaning of expression, e.g. 对他说/向他说 (say to him).
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