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zhī hòu
n. later, after, afterwards
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In this post, we discuss the difference between 之后 and 以后.

之后 can refer to time (most cases), as well as location (this usage is quite rare). Examples:
E.g.游行时我们班的队伍走在三班的队伍之后。[phr] In the parade, our class marched after Class Three. (Location)
E.g.她毕业之后当了律师。 [phr] She worked as a lawyer after her graduation. (Time)

之后 can also be used at the beginning of the sentence, meaning after the action or incident which is mentioned before:
E.g. 一开始,我先简单地讨论了行动方案的大纲(=Action 1)。之后,我又对具体的措施进行了详细的介绍(=Action 2)。(phr) At the beginning, I briefly discussed the outline of the action plan. After that, I gave a detailed explanation of the specific solutions.

以后 cannot refer to location. Only time. When referring to time, it means either:
From now on: 我保证,以后不迟到了。 [phr] I promise that I will not be late in the future.
Or, after a certain time: 下过雨以后天气凉快了很多。 [phr] It's very cool after the rain.
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