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jiá shǐ
conj. if, in case
Discussion of 使
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假使 indicates supportive relations. It is used in the first clause to indicate a supposition, and in the second clause we use the adverb 就 to point out the result produced from the supposition. 就 must appear after the subject and before the predicate of the clause (if there is a subject). For example:
Example 1. 假使心灵是一个房间,双眼就是这个房间的窗户。 [phr] If one's heart were a room, his or her eyes would be the windows of this room.
Sometimes 就 can be omitted. For example:
Example 2. 假使我有钱的话,我要买个大房子。 [phr] If I become rich, I will buy a big house.
There are other conjunctions used in the same way as 假使, for example, 要是、如果、假如. The difference is that 要是 is mostly used in speaking, 如果 can be used both in speaking and writing. Being more formal, 假如 and 假使 are both used in writing.
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