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prep. to, at, towards, with regard to, concerning to; versus, in comparison with
Discussion of 对/對
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Some people are confused about the difference between 对 and 向:
1. 对 can be used to denote "way of treating". E.g. 对身体好 (be good to one's health), 对你好 (be good to you). 向 cannot be used in this way.
2. Both 对 and 向 can be used before a noun to denote the indirect object of a verb with the meaning of expression, e.g. 对他说/向他说 (say to him).
Regarding the difference between 对于 and 对, please note that:
1. 对于 can be replaced by 对:
Example 1. 对于他来说,他已经达到了目的。 [phr] For him, he has already achieved the purpose.
---> We can also say: 对他来说,他已经达到了目的。
2. 对 has two usages which 对于 does not have.
- When 对 indicates the how one person treats another person, 对于 cannot replace 对: Example. 她对小孩不够耐心。 [ta1 dui4 xiao3 hai2 bu2 gou4 nai4 xin1] , (phr) She is not patient enough with children.
- When 对 indicates the target of an action, 对于 cannot replace 对: Example. 我对你有好感 [phr] I have a favourable impression of you
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