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yú shì
conj. so, hence, then, as a result, subsequently
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于是 is a conjunction meaning “so, hence, then”. It seems that it has the same meaning as 所以 and 因此, but in fact this is not the case.

1. 于是 indicates that one event or action happens right after another event or action. It connects the cause and the effect. For example:
E.g. 早上醒来的时候我觉得有点不舒服,于是就去了医院。 [phr] I was not feeling very well after waking up and so I went to hospital.
E.g. 我有事想问他,于是给他打了电话。 [phr] I have something to ask him, so I called him.

2. 因此 and 所以 are both used to explain a reason (these two have differences too, check out their notes).
lisaC
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所以 vs 于是:

1. "A,所以B": A is simply the reason of B.
E.g. 独角兽不存在,所以你别幻想了。 Unicorns don't exist, so stop daydreaming (about it).
In this example above, we cannot use 于是, because there is no succeeding and subsequent events involved.

2. "A,于是B": B is an action/event that succeeds A; A happens first, then B happens as a result.
In these examples below, there is always an event that happens in the first place, then 于是 connects the subsequent action/event:

学校离机场非常远,于是我只好坐出租车去。 [phr] The school was very far away from the airport, so I had to take a taxi.
他失业了,于是对生活很失望。 [phr] He lost his job, so he felt disappointed with life.
早上醒来的时候我觉得有点不舒服,于是就去了医院。 [phr] I was not feeling very well after waking up and so I went to hospital.
我有事想问他,于是给他打了电话。 [phr] I have something to ask him, so I called him.
我给她买了好吃的东西,于是她不哭了。 [phr] I bought something good to eat for her, therefore, she stopped crying.
lisaC
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