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ér
conj. (and) yet, nevertheless; (used between an adverbial element of purpose, cause, manner,...and a verb to be modified)
Discussion of 而
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Please note that 而 is different from this conjunction: 但(是) dan4(shi4) conj. but.
In this entry, 而 indicates contrast. The situation before and after 而 are opposite to each other. Therefore the topics before and after 而 have to comparable. For example:

Example 1. 我想出国学习,但(是)我钱不够,所以没去成。I wanted to study abroad, but my money wasn't enough, so I didn't go.
In example 1, 但/但是 cannot be replaced by 而. Because "I wanted to ..." is an intention, and "my money wasn't enough" is a fact, a current situation. These two are hardly comparable, so using 但 or 但是 is more appropriate.

Example 2:
Example 2a. 我想出国学习,而爸爸不让我去,所以我很不高兴。I wanted to study abroad, but my father didn't want me to, so I was really unhappy.
Example 2b. 我想出国学习,但(是)爸爸不让我去,所以我很不高兴。I wanted to study abroad, but my father didn't want me to, so I was really unhappy.
In Example 2a, "I want to study abroad" and "my father didn't want me to" are both intentions, and they are comparable, so we can use 而. We can also use 但 or 但是 in this sentence as indicated in example 2b.
lisaC
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We have two entries of 而 in the dictionary. Please note the in this entry, 而 indicates contrast. The situation before and after 而 are opposite to each other. For example:
E.g. 你得给我定稿,而不是草稿。 [phr] You should give me the final draft, not the raw draft.
lisaC
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