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假如
jiǎ rú
conj. if
Discussion of 假如
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假如 indicates supportive relations. It is used in the first clause to indicate a supposition, and in the second clause we use the adverb 就 to point out the result produced from the supposition. 就 must appear after the subject and before the predicate of the clause (if there is a subject). For example:
Example 1. 假如心灵是一个房间,双眼就是这个房间的窗户。 [phr] If one's heart were a room, his or her eyes would be the windows of this room.
Sometimes 就 can be omitted. For example:
Example 2. 假如你的行李过重了, 你得付额外的运费。 [phr] If your luggage is overweight, you'll have to pay extra.
假如 can also be omitted. For example:
Example 3.想创新,就得打破常规。[phr] Breaking free from convention is a must for innovation.
There are other conjunctions used in the same way as 假如, for example, 要是、如果、假使. The difference is that 要是 is mostly used in speaking, 如果 can be used both in speaking and writing. Being more formal, 假如 and 假使 are both used in writing.
lisaC
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