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如果
rú guǒ
conj. if
Discussion of 如果
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If I were you, I would say sorry.
Honn
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如果 indicates supportive relations. It is used in the first clause to indicate a supposition, and in the second clause we use the adverb 就 to point out the result produced from the supposition. 就 must appear after the subject and before the predicate of the clause (if there is a subject). For example:
Example 1. 如果你有事的话,今天就不要来了。 [phr] Don't come if you're busy today.
Sometimes 就 can be omitted. For example:
Example 2. 如果你有什么消息,即时通知我。 [phr] If you have any news, inform me immediately.
如果 can also be omitted. For example:
Example 3.想创新,就得打破常规。[phr] Breaking free from convention is a must for innovation.
There are other conjunctions used in the same way as 如果, for example, 要是、假如、假使. The difference is that 要是 is mostly used in speaking, 如果 can be used both in speaking and writing. Being more formal, 假如 and 假使 are both used in writing.
lisaC
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