This website uses cookies. Find out more or .
ér qiě
conj. but also; and (connecting two clauses)
Discussion of 而且
To include posts you need to register at
而且 and 而 are not totally interchangeable:

1. When they are used to connect two or more adjectives/ adjective phrases: we can replace 而 with 而且. But there is one exception: if adverbs such as 很, 十分,etc. are used before the adjectives, we can only use 而且, not 而. For example:
Example 1.
1a- 年轻而漂亮 or 年轻而且漂亮: young and beautiful
1b- 十分年轻而且漂亮: very young and beautiful
Both 而 and 而且 are correct in Example 1a. However, in Example 1b, only 而且 can be used.

2. 而且 can be used to connect two verbs, but 而 does not have this function.
Example 2. 我希望而且相信自己能够做好这份工作。 [phr] I hope and believe that I am able to do this job well.

3. 而且 can indicate "additionally, in addition, (not only) but also". For example:
Example 3. 这个年轻人不但聪明,而且工作很努力。 [phr] This young man is not only clever, but also hard working.
What is the difference between 而且and 并且?
Show 1 reply
There is a subtle difference between 并且 and 而且:

1. A, 并且B: 并且 indicates coordination. It joins or coordinates A and B (words, main clauses or sentences). A and B are of equal syntactic importance.
E.g. 他去了美国,并且读了大学。 [phr] He went to the United States, and he studied in a university.

2. A, 而且B: 而且 indicates progression between A and B, and it emphasizing B a bit more.
E.g. 她会说汉语,而且说得很好。 [phr] She can speak Chinese, and moreover her Chinese is quite good.
而且 vs 况且:

1. 而且 indicates progression and it connects adjectives, verbs, adverbs or clauses. 而且 often pairs up with 不但,不只,不光:
- 这件衣服不但漂亮,而且很便宜。 [phr] This outfit is not only beautiful but also cheap.
- 妹妹不但喜欢唱歌,而且爱跳舞。 [phr] Not only does (my) younger sister like singing, she is also fond of dancing.
- 不但我会说汉语,而且我的妻子也会说汉语。 [phr] No only I can speak Chinese, my wife can also speak Chinese.

2. 况且 indicates progression with a rhetoric tone and is used to introduce another reason. 况且 can be used with 又, 也 and 还:
- 今天别去打球了,外面天气不是很好,况且我们作业还没做完呢。 [phr] Don't go to play a ball game today. The weather isn't good outside, moreover we haven't finished our homework.
You you can select to receive personal notifications on the app or via email for important contributions to words that you are learning in the account settings .