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ér qiě
conj. but also; and (connecting two clauses)
Discussion of 而且
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而且 and 而 are not totally interchangeable:

1. When they are used to connect two or more adjectives/ adjective phrases: we can replace 而 with 而且. But there is one exception: if adverbs such as 很, 十分,etc. are used before the adjectives, we can only use 而且, not 而. For example:
Example 1.
1a- 年轻而漂亮 or 年轻而且漂亮: young and beautiful
1b- 十分年轻而且漂亮: very young and beautiful
Both 而 and 而且 are correct in Example 1a. However, in Example 1b, only 而且 can be used.

2. 而且 can be used to connect two verbs, but 而 does not have this function.
Example 2. 我希望而且相信自己能够做好这份工作。 [phr] I hope and believe that I am able to do this job well.

3. 而且 can indicate "additionally, in addition, (not only) but also". For example:
Example 3. 这个年轻人不但聪明,而且工作很努力。 [phr] This young man is not only clever, but also hard working.
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